Thyroid Health Tips

Do you know what your thyroid is, where it is, and what it does? You’re not alone if you answered with a no. Your thyroid gland is shaped a little like a butterfly. You can find this gland toward the front of your neck in the lower portion. You can’t feel or see this gland if it’s healthy and functioning like it should be. It’s usually a good indicator that something is wrong if you can feel it or even see it when you look.

This small gland plays a huge role in helping regulate several systems in your body. 

It is part of the endocrine system, the body’s communication network, where glands house hormones that act as chemical messengers and transmit information to various parts of the body. Every single cell in the body relies on thyroid hormone. 

It links directly to your nervous system, menstrual cycle, body weight, cholesterol levels, muscle strength, and your heart rate and breathing.

It links directly to your nervous system, menstrual cycle, body weight, cholesterol levels, muscle strength, and your heart rate and breathing.

WHAT ARE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE THYROID?

  • Growth and development of children
  • Muscle functioning
  • Heart muscle functioning in pumping effectively and efficiently
  • Digestion and excretion of food
  • Hair, skin and nail strength
  • Development of the brain
  • Growth and strength of bones
  • Development of the body’s organs.

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Five Things to Know About Your Thyroid
(Dr. Celina Nadelman on Your California Life, ABC10)

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FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION

WHAT IS IODINE’S ROLE IN THYROID HEALTH

Your Thyroid Needs a Constant Supply of Iodine to function properly.

Your Thyroid Needs a Constant Supply of Iodine to function properly.

The thyroid gland loves iodine. You need enough in your body to help support a healthy thyroid function because your thyroid uses iodine to help produce thyroid hormone. Unfortunately, your body doesn’t produce iodine by itself.

Iodine is supplied by eating foods that contain good levels of it. You can get iodine from bread and table salt in the United States. These foods were originally specially formulated with iodine in 1924 to combat the wave of iodine deficiency found all over the United States. Not having enough iodine in your diet can lead to goiter, and in severe cases, cretinism (severe mental retardation in infants). It can lead to hypothyroidism, which is when the thyroid cannot get enough iodine to produce the hormones your body needs to function

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THYROID DISEASE SIGNS & SYMPTOMS

Did you know that roughly 20 million Americans have some form of thyroid disease? There are even more people who don’t have any idea that there is a problem with their thyroid. When the thyroid is healthy, it quietly performs its task. But when diseased the problems can become annoying at best, and life threatening at worst.

Only 4-6% of thyroid nodules are actually malignant, or cancerous. Although the incidence of thyroid cancer has been rising over the past 10 years, the mortality rate has stayed the same, meaning, fewer and fewer people die of it. 

The majority of thyroid cancer is well differentiated, meaning that it is easily treatable. The most common of these cancers is Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma.

There are several medical conditions of thyroid disease, each with its own set of signs and symptoms.

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thyroid-cancer

What are the Different Types of Thyroid Diseases?

What is Hypothyroidism?

  • Hypothyroidism is a condition where your gland isn’t producing enough hormone.
  • Symptoms include feeling cold, lethargic, dry, weight gain, constipation, slow heartbeat, depression, memory problems.
  • Causes of hypothyroidism besides lack of iodine can be from an autoimmune disorder called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Sometimes it can develop transiently during or after pregnancy.

What is Hyperthyroidism?

  • Hyperthyroidism is a condition where your gland is producing too much hormone for your body to handle. Common signs of hyperthyroidism include things like trouble sleeping, losing weight, irritability, difficulty concentrating, and feeling too warm. 
  • Causes can be due to a growth of a nodule acting on its own (autonomous), overproducing hormones or also from another autoimmune condition called Graves’ Disease. Some people with this condition notice that their eyes are bulging.

What are Goiters?

A goiter means that the thyroid gland is enlarged. It could be due to too much or too little thyroid hormone. If you have seen any 16th or 17th century European paintings many of the subjects wore a “ruff” which was a collar born into fashion to initially cover up goiter.

What are Thyroid nodules?

Simply put, a nodule is a lump. Most thyroid nodules are benign (non-cancerous) and harmless. Many of them go unnoticed until your doctor finds one on yearly physical exam or during imaging studies for something else. Sometimes they cause symptoms such as difficulty swallowing dry foods, because the nodule may be large and press against the esophagus. In addition, it may also cause hoarseness or difficulty breathing, if it presses on the trachea (windpipe). Sometimes only one is found, sometimes there are many (also called multinodular goiter).

thyroid-cancer

THYROID DISEASE SIGNS & SYMPTOMS

Did you know that roughly 20 million Americans have some form of thyroid disease? There are even more people who don’t have any idea that there is a problem with their thyroid. When the thyroid is healthy, it quietly performs its task. But when diseased the problems can become annoying at best, and life threatening at worst.

Only 4-6% of thyroid nodules are actually malignant, or cancerous. Although the incidence of thyroid cancer has been rising over the past 10 years, the mortality rate has stayed the same, meaning, fewer and fewer people die of it. 

The majority of thyroid cancer is well differentiated, meaning that it is easily treatable. The most common of these cancers is Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma.

There are several medical conditions of thyroid disease, each with its own set of signs and symptoms.

CALL 310.702.6701

What are the Different Types of Thyroid Diseases?

What is Hypothyroidism?

  • Hypothyroidism is a condition where your gland isn’t producing enough hormone.
  • Symptoms include feeling cold, lethargic, dry, weight gain, constipation, slow heartbeat, depression, memory problems.
  • Causes of hypothyroidism besides lack of iodine can be from an autoimmune disorder called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Sometimes it can develop transiently during or after pregnancy.

What is Hyperthyroidism?

  • Hyperthyroidism is a condition where your gland is producing too much hormone for your body to handle. Common signs of hyperthyroidism include things like trouble sleeping, losing weight, irritability, difficulty concentrating, and feeling too warm. 
  • Causes can be due to a growth of a nodule acting on its own (autonomous), overproducing hormones or also from another autoimmune condition called Graves’ Disease. Some people with this condition notice that their eyes are bulging.

What are Goiters?

A goiter means that the thyroid gland is enlarged. It could be due to too much or too little thyroid hormone. If you have seen any 16th or 17th century European paintings many of the subjects wore a “ruff” which was a collar born into fashion to initially cover up goiter.

What are Thyroid nodules?

Simply put, a nodule is a lump. Most thyroid nodules are benign (non-cancerous) and harmless. Many of them go unnoticed until your doctor finds one on yearly physical exam or during imaging studies for something else. Sometimes they cause symptoms such as difficulty swallowing dry foods, because the nodule may be large and press against the esophagus. In addition, it may also cause hoarseness or difficulty breathing, if it presses on the trachea (windpipe). Sometimes only one is found, sometimes there are many (also called multinodular goiter).

THYROID CANCER BIOPSY FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION

To find out whether you have a cancerous lump of the thyroid a FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION (FNA) biopsy is needed. Using ultrasound as a guide, a small needle is used to gather a sample of the nodule to determine (diagnose) whether the thyroid nodule is malignant or not. It is a simple procedure that can be done in an office out-patient setting, with local anesthesia. The actual procedure itself takes only a few minutes. If done by a cytopathologist, the sample can be immediately viewed under the microscope, to see if there is enough sample and sometimes a preliminary result of the biopsy can be given right then and there.

Early detection is very important and can sometimes be the difference between life or death. If you notice that something is off with your health or you experience any of these symptoms, play it safe and make an appointment to discuss your concerns with your doctor. Paying attention and knowing your body not only helps with early thyroid cancer detection, but also other underlying medical conditions that could be affecting your daily life.

Talk to your doctor today about FNA for thyroid cancer so they can refer you to our clinic. Take control of your thyroid health.

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FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION
Dr. Celina Nadelman, M.D., is one of very few doctors in the U.S. to uniquely serve as both a board certified cytopathologist and a fine needle aspiration (FNA) specialist. In addition to operating her own FNA clinic and in-office laboratory practice in Beverly Hills, California, Dr. Nadelman performs the same dual-role services at Los Angeles County’s Martin Luther King, Jr. Outpatient Center, and is also a clinical instructor at UCLA’s David Geffen School of Medicine Greater Los Angeles Training Cytotechnology Consortium.

CELINA NADELMAN, M.D.

  • Biopsy and interpretation by a Board Certified Cytopathologist

  • Ultrasound-guided and palpation-guided FNAs

  • Preliminary diagnosis within 24 hours in most cases

  • Next day appointments available

  • Most insurances accepted

  • Patient and physician time savings

  • Relief of patient anxiety

  • Medical, technical and fiscal resource conservation

  • Appropriate and expeditious triage of the patient and their sample

  • Diagnostic ultrasound services

WE ARE HERE TO HELP

Request an appointment with The Cancer Biopsy Doctor, Celina M. Nadelman, M.D. today.

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CELINA NADELMAN, M.D.

  • Biopsy and interpretation by a Board Certified Cytopathologist

  • Ultrasound-guided and palpation-guided FNAs

  • Preliminary diagnosis within 24 hours in most cases

  • Next day appointments available

  • Most insurances accepted

  • Patient and physician time savings

  • Relief of patient anxiety

  • Medical, technical and fiscal resource conservation

  • Appropriate and expeditious triage of the patient and their sample

  • Diagnostic ultrasound services

WE ARE HERE TO HELP

Request an appointment with The Cancer Biopsy Doctor, Celina M. Nadelman, M.D. today.

SETUP CONSULTATION

CELINA NADELMAN, M.D.

  • Biopsy and interpretation by a Board Certified Cytopathologist

  • Ultrasound-guided and palpation-guided FNAs

  • Preliminary diagnosis within 24 hours in most cases

  • Next day appointments available

  • Most insurances accepted

  • Patient and physician time savings

  • Relief of patient anxiety

  • Medical, technical and fiscal resource conservation

  • Appropriate and expeditious triage of the patient and their sample

  • Diagnostic ultrasound services

WE ARE HERE TO HELP

Request an appointment with The Cancer Biopsy Doctor, Celina M. Nadelman, M.D. today.

Thank you for your message. It has been sent.
There was an error trying to send your message. Please try again later.